GLOBAL OBLIGATIONS FOR FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY
Theme & Purpose: Clarify international obligations regarding the human right to adequate food.
Method: is to invite a diverse group of people with expertise in this area to write chapters on the theme.
Output: An edited volume of works by the participants will be published.
Participants: George Kent (PI), Isaac O. Akinyele, Daly Belgasmi, Michael Brady, Aldo Caliari, David Clark, Marc Cohen, Federica Donati, Arun Gupta, Michael Latham, Anitha Ramanna, Claudio Schuftan, Margret Vidar, Srinivasan Vivek, Sally-Anne Way,
TENSIONS IN THE SOUTHEAST ASIA REGION FOSTERING COLLABORATIVE ENCOUNTERS
(International Conflict, Religion and Culture: Implications for Southeast Asia and Australia)
Theme: This project explores how four significant middle powers in the Asia-Pacific region: Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Australia, have responded to the events of September 11 and their aftermath, including the 'war on terror', interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq, and issues surrounding the increasingly visible role of Islam in domestic and international politics.
Purpose: Since September 11, tensions have intensified regionally and globally, and even within many multi-ethnic, multi-faith societies. Nothing approaching a 'clash of civilizations' is yet with us, but this remains an ominous cloud on the horizon. Much will depend on what different players on different sides of the cultural and religious divide do, and the care with which they use words and develop doctrines and policies.
Method: The questions to be addressed by the project are as follows:
1) How has each country (government, media and key stakeholders in civil society)
responded to the conflicts described above at the level of rhetoric, policy and action?
2) What has been the domestic and international impact of these responses with regard to
a) relations with the United States?
b) the fabric of these multi-faith multi-ethnic societies?
3) How might an educational / training program based on the principles of civilization
dialogue make for more positive peacebuilding responses both domestically and
Output: Proposed Output (all of this has yet to be determined). Ideas include
educational and training modules, jointly authored book with leading international publisher, articles in internationally reviewed journals, media commentary on issues central to the project, material placed on the websites of participating universities and partner organizations, a report on the pilot training program, and print and audio-visual resources for research, teaching and group discussion.
Participants: Joseph Camilleri (PI), Benjamin T. Tolosa, Azyumardi Azra, Patricia Martinez, George Myconos, and Michalis Michael
(A Contribution to the World’s Media Treatment of Conflict in the Early 21st Century)
Theme: Possible contributions of the media to conflict management and to peacemaking, peacekeeping, and or peace education efforts.
Purpose: To improve the coverage of both conflict and peace through the development and promotion of appropriate journalistic strategies, particularly Peace Journalism (PJ); to show some of the shortcomings in the current coverage and to suggest improvements trough the establishment of a Toda PJ network; to produce and publish PJ-oriented coverage reports; to arouse public and professional awareness; to critically analyze media forms, values, structures and ethics; to popularize and clarify factors that can facilitate and support the adoption of PJ; to enhance a “springboard effect” whereby an ongoing flow of peace-oriented media activities will increase the outreach efforts of the Toda Institute on behalf of peace research and policy.
Method: Case studies, content- and discourse-analyzes of and reports on printed and broadcast conflict coverage, on questions and issues, such as: Selection, inclusion, and exclusion of information in the coverage of conflict and peace processes; how are stories covered?
Output: A pilot monograph, preceding a series of annual reports (if and when resources are available) that will show how the mainstream media have been covering particular conflicts and how peace journalism can introduce improvements.
Participants: Dov Shinar (PI), Susan Dente Ross, Robert Hackett, Wilhelm Kempf, Jake Lynch, Lea Mandelzis, Annabel McGoldrick; Jan Oberg, Rune Ottosen, Samuel Peleg, Javier Protzel, Michael Reimann.
DEVELOPMENT AND GLOBAL GOVERNANCE GROUP
Theme: Between multilateralism and complex-multilateralism: contradictions of the current global development agenda
Purpose: To critically examine core features of the current global development agenda, identify problems of this agenda (such as, how social relations of power are reproduced although justified in the ‘name of the poor’ or ‘development’), and to present alternative accounts of conceptions of development and experiences of development as dispossession. We anticipate this to be a constructive alternative to the current ‘Millennium Development Goals’ approach to development. Through our critique we hope to present viable alternatives to development analysis and practice.
The project is still at an early stage and we hope to discuss its scope and strengthen the focus during our working group meetings in Vancouver.
Method: Reflective and comparative analysis, drawing on empirical examples (where appropriate), and dialogue between the respective participants.
Output: We anticipate an edited volume and /or a special issue of an appropriate journal such as, for example, Global Governance.
Participants: Heloise Weber (PI), Mark Berger, Morten Boas, Maria Alejandra Caporale Madi, Marcela Alvarez Pérez, Lakshmi Lingam, Philip Mc Michael, Dia Mohan, Cristina Rojas, Teivo Teivainen, Caroline Thomas, Martin Weber.
BUILDING BRIDGES FOR DIGITAL OPPORTUNITIES
(ICT and Youth Partnership for Human Development)
Theme: There is an apparent interrelation and to a certain extent interdependent between the three processes, as shown in chart 1, global governance, human development and sustainable peace feed each other and dependent on each other. One of the crossing themes in this scheme is the need for communication and access to information as a basic ingredient in each of the processes and in the entire system. Thus, assuring equal and literate access to ICTs is an essential step towards assuring open global society based on understanding and inclusion.
Purpose: To analyze and identify possible relationships between e-inclusion and its potential for human development and sustainable peace as required processes for sustainable global governance. Specifically, we aim, in the context of a globalizing and technologically convergent world, to identify the perceptions of youths internationally in this regard.
Method: Designed and coordinated by a team of young researchers from nine countries in five regions of the world (Middle East, Africa, Latin America, Balkans, Southeast Asia and Oceania), the project aims to analyze the contemporary policies, views and perceptions on the role of ICTs’ utilization for human development, promotion of sustainable peace and creation of comprehensive global governance. At the same time, it aims to analyze best practices of ICT’s being used for promotion of aforementioned issues. The project will consider the points of view of youth (the future leaders), policy makers, leaders in social development sectors, leaders in industrial and socio-economic fields, and key figures from the leadership of each country/region involved. Today the youngsters are aware of the challenge that the ICTs’ implications imply, as youngsters we have the responsibility to promote socially responsible development and utilization of ICTs. Building on experience from research on possible relationships between conflicts and the digital divide, the research team is aware that such an ambitious, multicultural and young initiative as the proposed study requires careful preparation and defined framework, which will ensure its successful accomplishment. This research methodology was selected, as it has proven to be effective in undertaking research across geographic, language, and other cultural boundaries, as discovered in the PEACE project. As a result, the study is divided into three phases:
-Planning and development of research tools
-Data analysis and summary
Output: 1) Online academic journal concentrating on the topics of information and communication technologies for development, global governance and resolution of regional conflicts.
Participants: Dmitry Epstein (PI), Gbenga Sesan, Blagica Stojkoska, Leonardo Cembranelli deAquino, Ayesha Rauf, Oula Ingerö, Nirlep Khaira, Lizzy Azuara Herrera, Peruma Vidana Ralalage Nileptha, Michelle Fernando, Roque Glenn A. Omanio, Ashim Karmacharya, Lisa M. Thurston, Farah Mahmood